Medical evidence shows that water therapy aids those with various medical conditions. Hydrotherapy has been used for musculoskeletal and nuromuscular rehabilitation for over 100 years. It has been shown to improve motor performance in children with muscular dystrophy, cerebral palsy, cystic fibrosis, spina bifida and rett syndrome.
Hydrotherapy is based on the principles of hydrodynamics (buoyancy, hydrostatic pressure, turbulence, and flow) and is thought to provide multiple sensory stimuli through water temperature, weigh relief, and vestibular input.
The properties of the water assist active movement, provide postural support and promote relaxation of spastic muscles, improved circulation, and strengthening, allowing a variety of fundamental motor skills to be performed, relative to an individuals skill level.
Aquatic activities also provide opportunities for social interaction and play, which can facilitate language development and improve self-esteem, self-awareness and a sense of accomplishment.